Adventure tourism in India is rapidly growing and provides a number of opportunities for the adventure enthusiasts. In India more people are steeping out of their comfort zone and trying the various adventure sports for that adrenal rush.

There are a number of adventure sports that can be experienced in India. The adventure sports may be water based, air based or and based.

The water based adventure sports include water rafting, scuba diving, water skiing, snorkeling, kayaking surfing and canoeing. The water based adventures not only provide a unique experience of life under water but also gives us that excitement and rush of a thrilling experience. Number of cities in India provides an opportunity to experience different water sports.

For example, scuba diving and snorkeling can be best experienced in the clean and plain water of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep islands. Also, for water rafting, majority of the tourists visit places like Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh and Maharashtra. For sports like Kayaking, tourists visits Goa, Kerala, Pondicherry, Uttarakhand and Andaman and Nicobar islands.

The air based adventure sports in India include Parasailing, Sky Diving, Paragliding and Hot Air Ballooning. The adventurers seek these king of air based adventure to experience flying and touching the clouds (in case of sky diving) and for breathing taking view it offers.

Parasailing is mostly done in Goa, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Madhya Pradesh and many more cities in India.

The land based adventure sports include Trekking, rock climbing, rope climbing, snowboarding, wall climbing, motor bike tours, Abseiling, Rappelling, Elephant safaris, Skiing, Wildlife jeep safaris, mountaineering and Bungee jumping.

The wild life safaris either elephant safaris or the jeep safaris can be quite enthralling as we get to see wild animals in their natural habitat. The famous Indian Bengal tiger, lions, cobras, deer and many other wild animals can be seen during these safaris. Elephant safaris can be experienced in Kerala while camel safaris can be experienced in Rajasthan. In India, there are number of very famous national parks for wildlife safaris,for example,Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan, Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand, Bandhavgarh National Park in Madhya Pradesh, Periyar National Park in Kerala, Kaziranga National Park in Assam, Sunderbans National Park in West Bengal, Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh, Mudumalai National Park in Tamil Nadu, Gir National Park in Gujarat and Keoladeo National Park in Bharatpur, Rajasthan.


Government of India and Ministry of Tourism have proposed certain safety guidelines for all the adventure sports in India. Some of the important guidelines for all the adventure sports include,

  • Each group that is taking part in an adventure activity must be accompanied by a “leader”.
  • This leader must possess the desired skills and qualification and also must have first aid certification.
  • The leader must decide whether the person participating in the adventure sport have the necessary skills to participate or not and whether the participant is medically fit or not.
  • The leader must know how to use maps and compass, how to operate helicopter and must be families with the search procedures.
  • The leader must take care that all the safety measures are met like the equipment’s to be used are safe, emergency contact numbers are updated, doctor on call is available and many such safety precautions must be handled beforehand by the leader.

Some Basic Minimum Standards for Land Based Activities:

For Basic Minimum Standards for Land Based Activities let us take mountaineering as an example.

The clients or the mountaineers must be well informed beforehand about the basic minimum standards (BMS). This will help the clients to make the right choice. These standards are for those operators that attempt 6000m peaks.

Also, mountaineers must be provided with general guidelines like;

  • The operators are supposed to register with the Ministry of tourism and the Adventure tour operators Association of India.
  • The leader must have grade A in the Basic mountaineering course and should have high altitude experience. Also, the leader must have cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and first aid qualification.
  • An experienced doctor must be available and minimum safety requirements must be available like the medicine and the walkie-talkie.
  • All the difficulties and the dangers must be predicted and explained to the mountaineers beforehand.

Similarly there are some basic minimum standards for Water and Air based activities that must be thoroughly followed. These guideline are very important as they determine the safety of the person and the sport.

In India, the safety management in the adventure activities is receiving a lot of attention from the government and regular measured are being taken to make the adventure sports in India as safe as possible. But there is still a lot of potential and scope of the development of adventure tourism in India since India has all the requirements to emerge as a successful adventure tourism country.

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